Marey was a physiologist who dedicated his work to the analysis of human and animal movement.
Born in France in 1830, he veered from his medical training in the mid 1860's to set up his own research laboratory, investigating the way that humans and animals moved. Here he devised mechanical recording techniques for recording movement.
Influences by Muybridge's photographs of Horses in Movement, he realized sequence photography could provide the perfect medium for his studies.
Later, Marey devised a method whereby subjects, dressed in black with white lines along the axis of their limbs, were recorded as graphic trace on the photographic plate.
Following advancements in photography and the introduction of celluloid film in 1889, Mareys range of analytical tools expanded and allowed more advanced motion studies of humans, animals, fish, insects and birds.
Between 1857 and 1903, Marey published over 250 papers and several books. He was recognized with numerous honors due to his contribution to the science of physiology.